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European Welding Standards

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Text of European Welding Standards

Welding StandardsJohn Dyson 15thMarch 2004 StandardsHarmonised StandardsNot all EN Standards are Harmonised, only those that are considered to satisfy relevantESRs in product directives. Harmonised standards contain an appendix Z, which defines which directives and ESRs the standard meets. For example:- EN ISO 15614 will be harmonised, but other routes for weld procedure approval may not be, such as EN ISO 15610, EN ISO 15611, EN ISO 15612 StandardsThere is a Gentleman s agreement that attempts to make all EN standards into ISO standards and vice versa, but this does not work for all StandardsEN 13445 : Pressure Vessels ( BS 5500)EN 12952 : Water Tube Boilers ( BS 1113)EN 12953 : Shell Boilers ( BS 2790)EN 13480 : Piping ( BS 806, Not BS 2640, BS 2971) & Approval of Welding ProceduresSummary of EN ISO & Approval of Welding ProceduresIntroduction to The Specification & Approval of Welding ProceduresEN 288 Part 1 Will Become EN ISO 15607Material Grouping for both Procedures and Welder ApprovalCR ISO 15608 this standard has no current EN equivalentContents of a WPSEN 288 Part 2 Will Become EN ISO 15609 (Part 1 Arc, Part 2 for Gas welding)Welding Procedure TestEN 288 Part 3 will become EN ISO 15614 Part 1 (Steel and Nickel Alloys)EN 288 Part 4 will become EN ISO 15614 Part 2 (aluminium and its alloys)Other routes for procedure approval, such as previous experience, approved consumables etc. Are unlikely to become harmonised for use with the & Approval of Welding ProceduresMechanical TestingEN ISO 15614-1 adopts the same mechanical test as EN288-3, except that the bend test minimum former angle has been increased from 120qto 180qand fillet welds require a minimum of 4 macros. When impact testing is required the minimum thickness has been reduced from 12mm to TESTINGEN ISO 15614-1 Makes no distinction between multi-pass and single pass welds. The maximum values for material in group 1 and 2, is the same as that stated in EN288-3 for single run welds ( non-heat treated 380Hv10max, heat treated 320Hv10max)All groups now have maximum hardness specified, except :- Group 6, Cr-Mo-V steels, non- heat treated conditionHardness Survey is not required for :-Steels in Sub-group (yield strength of 275N/mm2or less)Stainless Steels in Group 8Nickel Alloys in Groups 41 to & Approval of Welding ProceduresMATERIAL GROUPING CR ISO 15608Ni based alloys (Identical To ASME )41 to < C < C 10 (Cryogenic Steels) Cr 30Austenitic810 Ni , , , , , max610Cr, ,10Cr, , , , , , max 4Q+T and PHd steelsQ+T and PHd steels3TMCP >360N/mm2TMCP >360N/mm22Re 360N/mm2Re 460N/mm21EN288-3EN ISO 15614-1Material & Approval of Welding ProceduresMATERIAL GROUPINGCR ISO 15608 Main Groups are sub-divided into sub groups Based on yield strength for carbon steel in groups 1, 2 and 3. However these sub groups are not considered for material grouping in EN ISO 15614-1, the grouping is based on same specified yield strength or less in the main group(the same as EN288-3). Based on Alloy content for materials in all the other groups. EN ISO 15614-1, may approve the steels in the same sub-group or all the lower sub groups in the maingroup, depending on the suffix in EN ISO 15614-1 table 3:- (b) or (c) For example :- Group 8:-sub-group Chrome d19%sub-group Chrome > 19%sub-group Austenitic with 4< Mnd12A test in one sub group within group 8, approve all other steels in the same sub group ONLY ( therefore a test in 304 approves 316, 347 and 321, but not 309 or 310) Note :-Impact requirements do not affect the sub grouping approval range as they doin the ASME & Approval of Welding Proceduresa) Covers the equal or lower specified yield strength steels of the same groupb) Covers steels in the same sub-group and any lower sub-group within the same groupc) Covers steels in the same & Approval of Welding ProceduresGoverning Thickness For Approval RangeThe controlling thickness that determines the approval range in EN288-3 is dependant on the joint type; for example:- the controlling thickness is that of the thicker part, for a branch weld it s the thickness containing the joint preparation. However in EN ISO 15614 both thicknesses in the joint are given independent approval ranges if they thickness range also applies to the deposit thickness of multiple process welds. It is reasonable to consider a single run deposit in a multiple process weld to be a multiple run weld in determining its individual approval the different plate thickness approval range for fillet & Approval of Welding ProceduresRange of ApprovalButt and branch weld thickness and weld - - - 2tNot Applicable> - 2t3mm - 2tt - 2tMultiple - 2t3mm - - 2tMultiple - >12 100mm - (3min) <3 - 3mmSingle runSingle runEN 288-3EN ISO15614-1Test Piece Thickness (t)and alsoDeposit Thicknessfor multiple process weldsNote:- The upper range of approval is 12mm if there is an impact requirement and impact testing has not been carried & Approval of Welding ProceduresRange of ApprovalFillet weld thickness and Throat Thickness EN ISO15614-1No RestrictionNo RestrictionNo RestrictionMultiple runThroat thickness welded, No approval range t5mmt t30mm a - (3min) - < t < a - 2tt 3mmSingle runSingle and Multiple RunThroat ThicknessPlate ThicknessTest Piece Thickness (t)Fillet welds Qualified by butt welds:- The throat thickness approval range is based on the deposit thickness and the plate thickness range will have to be modified to that stated & Approval of Welding ProceduresRange of ApprovalOn DiameterApprovalApprovalTest PieceTest PiecePipe >500mm and PlatePipe/tube OD>25mm ODPipe/tube< ODEN 288-3EN ISO 15614-1< 25mm >150mm in PA or PCPipe > 500mm All & Approval of Welding ProceduresRange of ApprovalWelding PositionThe range of approval in EN ISO 15614-1 is exactly the same as EN there is No impact or hardness survey requirement, one position covers all Impact tests are required, the weld procedure approves other positions requiring the same or less heat inputIf a Hardness survey is required, the weld procedure approves other positions requiring the same or higher heat a test includes both a high and low heat input position, then all intermediate heat input positions are approved, refer to EN ISO 15614-1 figure 6Note:- EN ISO 15614-1 requires heat input to be measured. When impacts are required the heat input is limited to + 25% of test value When Hardness is required the heat input is limited to - 25% of test & Approval of Welding ProceduresRange of ApprovalJoint TypeThe approval range for joint type in EN ISO 15614-1 and EN 288-3 are essentially the sameFor Example:-Butt welds approve fillet weldsSingle sided welds approve backed, double sided and back gouged weldsButt welds approve T-butt weldsButt welds in pipe approve branch connections With angles between 60 - 90 Backed welds approve double sided a fillet weld approves a fillet weld only BUT if mechanical properties are important supplement with a butt weldShielding and backing gassesRange of approval restricted to the EN439 gas symbol Or Restricted to Nominal composition Used in test if no EN439 code exists. A weld made without a backing gas also approves welding with a backing & Approval of Welding ProceduresRange of ApprovalFiller Metal EN ISO 15614-1Filler Materials Cover Other materials subject to :- Equivalent mechanical properties Same type of covering, core or flux Same nominal composition Same or lower hydrogen contentIf impact there is an impact requirement then the filler metal can not be changed from the brand used in the procedure test. This does not apply to solid wires of the same designation and nominal size of the filler metal can be changed providing the heat input requirements, if required, are with a filler metal does no approve welds made without filler, or vice ISO 15614 Part 8 Tube to tube-plate ISO 15614 Part 8 Tube to tube-plate jointsRequirements similar to BS4870 Part 3Welder Approvals to : EN ISO 9606 Part 1- 5 / EN1418 (Mechanised)Size Of Test piece :-Tube D < 40mm 10 tubes for Triangular Pitch, 12 for square Tube D >= 40mm 7 tubes for Triangular Pitch, 9 for squareOne pitch type approves all pitch types with the same or greater ligament dimension (d1) ISO 15614 Part 8 Tube to tube-plate ISO 15614 Part 8 Tube to tube-plate jointsTesting RequirementsVisual Penetrant Radiography to EN1435 Macro 2 off full width and length of test piece (Along A and B) Hardness survey for materials in group 2,3,4,5,6,7 Push Out Test OptionalThe standard has its own acceptance criterion similar to EN ISO 15614 Part 8 Tube to tube-plate ISO 9606 Welder Approval TestingNote, the proposed revision to ISO 9606 Part 1 has not been agreed. Therefore EN287 Part 1 will continue, and all references in this document to ISO9606 Part 1 should read the latest version of EN287 Part 1This does not affect the other parts of ISO ISO 9606 Welder Approval TestingNote:- this standard should not be confused with ISO 9606 which currently exists, only the EN version is harmonised. EN 287 Part 1 : 2004 {was to have be replaced by EN ISO 9606 Part 1 but agreement could not be reached} : PublishedFusion Welding Of Steel Materials EN ISO 9606 Part 2{Replaces EN287 Part 2} : Not Published Fusion Welding Of Aluminium and its Alloys EN ISO 9606 Part 3 :1999{No EN Equivalent} : Published Fusion Welding Of Copper and Copper Alloys EN ISO 9606 Part 4 :1999{No EN Equivalent} : Published Fusion Welding Of Nickel and Nickel Alloys EN ISO 9606 Part 5 :2000 {No EN Equivalent} : Published Fusion Welding Titanium and Titanium Alloys, Zirconium and zirconium 287-1:2004 Welder Approval TestingTest pieces for butt, fillet, pipe, fillet to pipe are identical to old EN 287-1Each process in a multi process wed an be used separately with the range of thickness dictated by the deposit thickness attributed to hat process, t = of Approval for Butt WeldsSame as the old version of EN 287-1Range of Approval For Fillet WeldsPlate thickness, t < 3mm, Approves a range = t to 3mmPlate thickness, t >= 3mm, Approves all thicknesses from 3mmsingle layer fillet weld approves single layer onlymulti layer fillet weld approves single and multi layer Branch WeldsQualified by pipe butt welds for branch angles >= 60 Set on:- Branch diameter and branch thickness considered in approval Set in :- Main pipe thickness and branch diameter considered in 287-1:2004 Welder Approval TestingDiametersThe approval range for pipe diameters according to EN ISO 9606-1 :-Pipe Diameter < 25mmD to 2 D Pipe Diameter > (25mm Min) and above + PlatesNote:-The testing of small bore pipes require a minimum circumference of 150mm, or additional test pieces must be welded to a maximum of 287-1:2004 Welder Approval Testing:- Material GroupsC steels <C stainless steelNi steels 10% maxAustenitic Cr 30 steel High V CrMo(Ni) steelC CrMo, noV steelLow V CrMo steelsQ+T, PH steels>360 ReTMCP steel>360 ReC steel 460 , 2 + , , 287-1EN 287-1:2004(Note:- Check flux type approval range table 3)8, , , 10 GroupGradeApproval , , , 2, 3, , 111, 2, 3, , 111, 2, 3, , 4, 5, 6, 7, 111, 2, 3, , 4, 5, 6, 7, 111, 2, 3, , 4, 5, 6, 7, 111, 2, 3, , 4, 5, 6, 7, 111, 2, 3, , 118, , , , , , , , , , , steels < 3% 287-1:2004 Welder Approval TestingRange of Approval for Electrode CoatingThe approval range for EN 287-1:2004, Is similar to the old EN287-1For a single sided root run with no backing, no change of flux type is permitted. The following approval range is permitted for the fill and capping runs:- Basic approves basic (B), rutile (R), acid (A) and combinations Cellulosic (C) approves cellulosic only Rutile approves R, RR, RA, RB, RCEN 287-1:2004 also differentiates between solid and cored wiresA Solid wire approves metal cored and vice versa, but not Flux cored FCAW approves all FCAW wiresRutile approves rutile and basic wires onlyGeneral:- The filler material must be compatible with the parent material used for the test 287-1:2004 Welder Approval TestingRange of Approval on PositionEN 287-1: 2004 Has a similar positional approval range to the old EN287-1Generally more difficult position approves for easier fixed inclined pipe approves all except V-down (PG)Overhead (PE) approves all except V-down (PG)JL045 Approves all positions except HL045 and 287-1:2004 Welder Approval TestingValidity Of ApprovalThe prolongation rules are the same for both EN 287-1:2004 and EN 287-1:1992EN 287-1:2004Valid for 2years, providing that the welders supervisor can confirm that at every six month period the welder has been working within his range of for periods of 2 years by examining body , on the basis of satisfactory evidence from volumetric testing on at least two items of production work or test welds, produced in the previous six month period. They must be traceable to the welder, satisfy the acceptance requirements of ENISO 5817 and reproduce the original test conditions. The evidence of these tests must be retained for 2 ISO 9606 Welder Approval TestingEN ISO 9606-3:1999Copper and Copper AlloysW 31: Pure copper W 32: Copper-zinc alloys W 33: Copper-tin alloys W 34: Copper-nickel alloys W 35: Copper-aluminium alloys W 36: Copper-nickel-zinc alloys Thickness range is to for all thicknesses Acceptance is EN 30042all level B except for the defects permitted by EN287-1 as level ISO 9606 - 4: 1999 Nickel and Nickel AlloysW 41: Pure nickel W 42: Nickel-copper alloys W 43: Nickel-chromium alloys W 44: Nickel-molybdenum alloys W 45: Nickel-iron-chromium alloys W 46: Nickel-chromium-cobalt alloys W 47: Nickel-iron-chromium-copper A test in W41 approves W41 to W47 not vice versa A test in any group W42 to W47 approves all of the groups A test in any group W41 to W47 approves 8 {Austenitic Stainless Steel} EN287-1 Acceptance is the same as EN 287-1:2004EN ISO 5817Thickness and diameter approval ranges are basically the same asEN287-1:2004EN ISO 9606 Welder Approval TestingNote:- The alloy content for W41 to W47 is based on CR12187 which has now been superseded by reduces the qualifying Nickel content for group 44 from a minimum of 45% to 30% 1418 Approval of welding 1418 Approval of welding operators :-Fusion and Resistance WeldingDefinitions Mechanised welding :- Adjustment during welding possible Automatic Welding :- Adjustment during welding not requiredWelding Operators/ Resistance weld setters Set up equipment and/or adjust it during welding: Testing Required Operators that can t adjust the equipment. Button pushers, don t need 1418 Approval of welding operators :-Fusion and Resistance Adopt EN288 Part 3 or 4 for testing, but approval range for thickness and diameter based on capacity of equipment used. A WPS must be Pre Production test to EN 288 Part 8 or equivalent. Must followa WPS and approval range same as Production sampling, Set up equipment and sample test productionwelds. Test method subject to agreement between contracting Function Test, On the job Job Knowledge test:- Knowledge of welding Parameters V welding results Setting up equipment to WPS Test equipment to WPS Knowledge of malfunctions (SAFED knowledgetest in preparation) 729 Quality requirements for fusion weldingThis standard can be used either as part of an ISO 9000 Quality system, or to define quality requirements where a formal qualitysystem is not the versatility of this standard it has so far failed to generate any serious interest within the European fabrication 729EN 729 defines management quality requirements for fusion welding. This incorporates The following parts:EN 729:Quality Requirements for WeldingEN 729 Part 1: Guide to selection and useEN 729 Part 2: Comprehensive Quality RequirementsEN 729 Part 3: Standard Quality RequirementsEN 729 Part 4: Elementary Quality RequirementsPDCR 13576: Implementation of EN 729 Parts 2 and 3 of these documents also make reference to EN 719 -Welding Co-ordination, Tasks and exerts a profound influence on the cost of fabrication and quality of the product. It is important, therefore, to ensure that welding is carried out in the most effective way and that appropriate control is exercised over all aspects of the the EN 29000 series of standards for quality systems, welding is to be treated as a Special Process since welds cannot be fully verified by subsequent inspection and testing of the product to ensure that the required quality standards have been cannot be inspected into a product, it has to be built into it. Even the most extensive and sophisticated non-destructive testing does not improve the quality of needs to be implemented to ensure that the specifiedquality will be achieved. Responsibilities defined in EN 729 Sample Of Requirements REQUIREMENT COMPREHENSIVE STANDARD ELEMENTARY Part 2 Part 3 Part 4 Contract Review Full Documented Less Extensive Establish that Review Review capability and information is available Design Review Design for Welding to Design for Welding to be As above be confirmed confirmed Sub-contractor Treat like a main fabricator Must comply to standard Welders/ Approved to (EN 287) Operators Welding European Welding European Welding Engineer, Not demanded but Co-ordination Engineer, or persons or persons with appropriate personal with appropriate knowledge responsibility of knowledge manufacturer Sufficient and Inspection Sufficient and competent personnel to be available Personnel competent access for external inspectors, as needed 729 Sample Of Requirements ContinuedREQUIREMENT COMPREHENSIVE STANDARD ELEMENTARY Weld Procedure To EN 288 Part 2 - Approved as application No demands Approval standard or contract demands Work Instructions Welding Specification or dedicated Instructions to be No demands available (WPS) Documentation Necessary Not specified No demands Batch testing of Only if specified in Not specified No demands consumables contract Storage and treatment As per supplier recommended as minimum No demands of welding consumables Storage of raw Protection required from influence by the No demands materials environment Post Weld Heat Specification and Confirmation to No demands Treatment complete record specification necessary Inspection before - As required for specified operations Responsibilities as during - after welding specified in contract Non-conformances Procedures must be available

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